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Research Papers

How Close is too Close? The Effect of a Non-Lethal Electric Shark Deterrent on White Shark Behaviour.

Ryan M. Kempster, Channing A. Egeberg, Nathan S. Hart, Laura Ryan, Lucille Chapuis Caroline C. Kerr, Carl Schmidt, Charlie Huveneers, Enrico Gennari, Karak E. Yopak, Jessica J. Meeuwig, Shaun P. Collin. University of Western Australia Ocean Institute

Response of white sharks exposed to newly developed personal shark deterrents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY � In Australia, the number of shark-human interactions and shark bites per capita has increased, leading to a rise in shark-bite mitigation measures being developed. Yet, many of the products commercially available have not been

Effects of an Electric Field on White Sharks: In Situ Testing of an Electric Deterrent

Charlie Huveneers1,2*, Paul J. Rogers1, Jayson M. Semmens3, Crystal Beckmann2, Alison A. Kock4,5,�Brad Page1, Simon D. Goldsworthy1 Abstract : Elasmobranchs can detect minute electromagnetic fields, ,1 nVcm�1, using their ampullae of Lorenzini

Estimating the Probability of a Shark Attack when using an Electric Repellent

CF Smit Department of Statistics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 0002, South Africa and�V Peddemors�Department of Zoology, University of Durban-Westville, Durban, 4000 South Africa. Summary:� In two series of tests of a new electric shark

White Paper - Shark Shield

Summary:� Between 1982 and 2011 unprovoked shark bites were recorded from 56 countries with 27�recording fatalities; however 84.5% occurred in only six countries - United States, Australia, South�Africa, Brazil, Bahamas and Reunion Island. While

Effectiveness of five personal shark-bite deterrents for surfers

Summary:� The number of shark-human interactions and shark bites per capita has been increasing since the 1980s, leading to a rise in measures developed to mitigate the risk of shark bites. Yet many of the products commercially available for personal

World's most effective shark deterrent proven by French Government Research

Ocean Guardian�s Shark Shield Technology proven again as the world�s most effective shark deterrent by French Government Research. Following the success of the West Australian Government�s Shark Deterrent Rebate program and several independent